The ASIAA lab is a research unit within the CCGBA: Bachelor Degree in Archaeology at the University of Siena at Grosseto. The Laboratory was established in 2003, and its fundamental mission is the development and use of digital techniques for “archaeological data
PostGIS adds support for geographic objects to the PostgreSQL object-relational database. In effect, PostGIS "spatially enables" the PostgreSQL server, allowing it to be used as a backend spatial database for geographic information systems (GIS), much like ESRI's SDE or Oracle's Spatial extension. PostGIS follows the OpenGIS "Simple Features Specification for SQL" and has been certified as compliant with the "Types and Functions" profile.
This is a presentation by A. Bezzi, et al for CAA 2004 (PDF - 4.6 Mb).
It describes very well how to perform every single step of archaeological research using open source software. It's worth reading even tough you will find weblinks in our directory for most of the software here mentioned.
Firebird is a relational database offering many ANSI SQL-92 features that runs on Linux, Windows, and a variety of Unix platforms. Firebird offers excellent concurrency, high performance, and powerful language support for stored procedures and triggers. It has been used in production systems, under a variety of names since 1981.
PostgreSQL is a highly-scalable, SQL compliant, open source object-relational database management system. With more than 15 years of development history, it is quickly becoming the de facto database for enterprise level open source solutions.
MySQL has become the most popular open source database and the fastest growing database in the industry. This is based on its dedication to providing a less complicated solution suitable for widespread application deployment at a greatly reduced TCO.
Driver ODBC (open source) for SQLite database.